Nano Archive

Self-Organization of C60 Nanoparticles in Carbon Disulfide Solution

Patnaik, Archita and Bokare , Alok. D. (2003) Self-Organization of C60 Nanoparticles in Carbon Disulfide Solution. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 107 (25). pp. 6079-6086. ISSN 10895647

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C60 aggregation in neat CS2 solvent is reported using positronium (Ps) as a fundamental probe, which maps changes in the local electron density of the microenvironment. Specific interactions of the Ps atom with the surrounding dramatically reveal the onset concentration for stable aggregate formation in this solvent to be 0.06 g/dm3. Spontaneous formation of stable aggregates in the colloidal range (90−125 nm) was observed over a narrow concentration range of 0.06−0.36 g/dm3, beyond which the clusters broke. Variation of aggregate properties with size (proportional to τ3 [Ps lifetime] and/or λ3 [Ps annihilation rate, 1/τ3]) are noteworthy. Ps annihilation characteristics in corroboration with transmission electron microscopy and UV−vis absorption spectroscopy demonstrate the solution phase C60 structure to be a spherical fractal aggregate with fractal dimension 1.9 and that the growth mode follows a diffusion-limited cluster aggregation mechanism. At a higher concentration beyond 0.36 g/dm3, an entropy driven phase change was noticed leading to formation of irregular, but oriented crystalline components.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:6469
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:11 Aug 2009 07:19
Last Modified:11 Aug 2009 07:19

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