Nano Archive

Strength weakening by nanocrystals in ceramic materials

Wang, Yuejian and Zhang, Jianzhong and Zhao, Yusheng (2007) Strength weakening by nanocrystals in ceramic materials. NANO LETTERS, 7 (10). pp. 3196-3199.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl0718723

Abstract

A key question in nanomechanics concerns the grain size effects on materials' strength. Correct solution to this question is critical to design and tailor the properties of materials for particular applications. The full map of grain sizes-hardness/yield stress relationship in metals has been built. However, for ceramic materials, the similar studies and understandings are really lacking. Here we employed a novel technique to comparatively study the mechanical features of titanium dioxide (TiO2) with different crystallite sizes. On the basis of peak profile analysis of the X-ray diffraction data, we determined yield strength for nanocrystalline and bulk TiO2. Our results reveal a remarkable reduction in yield strength as the grain size decreases from 30−40 μm to 10 nm, providing the only evidence of a strength weakening by nanocrystals relative to their bulk counterparts. This finding infers an inverse Hall−Petch effect, the first of its kind for ceramic materials, and a dramatic strength weakening after the breakdown of classic Hall−Petch relation below a characteristic grain size.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:6340
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:07 Aug 2009 09:55
Last Modified:07 Aug 2009 09:55

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