Nano Archive

Multi-core cable-like TiO2 nanofibrous membranes for dye-sensitized solar cells

Kokubo, Hiroshi and Ding, Bin and Naka, Takayuki and Tsuchihira, Hiroki and Shiratori, Seimei (2007) Multi-core cable-like TiO2 nanofibrous membranes for dye-sensitized solar cells. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 18 (16).

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/18/16/165...

Abstract

Multi-core cable-like TiO2 nanofibres were fabricated by calcination of composite polyvinyl acetate (PVAc)/titania nanofibres with a hot pressing pre-treatment. This resultant novel fibre structure was composed of sheaths of 200 nm in diameter and 25 nm in wall thickness, and cores filled with 24 nm thick TiO2 fibrils. The formation of multi-core cable-like structures of fibres is considered to be due to the enhanced phase separation of PVAc-rich and TiO2-rich phases during the hot pressing process. The BET results showed that the specific surface area of pressed TiO2 membranes was much higher than that of unpressed TiO2 membranes. In this study, the novel multi-core cable-like TiO2 fibrous membranes were used as electrode materials for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). It was observed that the photocurrent and conversion efficiency of the electrodes increased concurrently with increasing applied pressure and average membrane thickness in the range of 1–9 µm. The maximum short circuit photocurrent and energy conversion efficiency were 16.09 mA cm−2 and 5.77% when the membrane had an average thickness of 9.21 µm and 8 MPa applied pressure.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:6298
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:10 Sep 2009 16:41
Last Modified:10 Sep 2009 16:41

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