Rodriguez, A. and Ortiz, M. I. and Sangrador, J. and Rodriguez, T. and Avella, M. and Prieto, A. C. and Torres, A. and Jimenez, J. and Kling, A. and Ballesteros, C. (2007) Comparative study of the luminescence of structures with Ge nanocrystals formed by dry and wet oxidation of SiGe films. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 18 (6).
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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/18/6/0657...
The luminescence emission of structures containing Ge nanocrystals embedded in a dielectric matrix obtained by dry and wet oxidation of polycrystalline SiGe layers has been studied as a function of the oxidation time and initial SiGe layer thickness. A clear relationship between the intensity of the luminescence, the structure of the sample, the formation of Ge nanocrystals and the oxidation process parameters that allows us to select the appropriate process conditions to get the most efficient emission has been established. The evolution of the composition and thickness of the growing oxides and the remaining SiGe layer during the oxidation processes has been characterized using Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy. For dry oxidation, the luminescence appears suddenly, regardless of the initial SiGe layer thickness, when all the Si of the SiGe has been oxidized and the remaining layer of the segregated Ge starts to be oxidized forming Ge nanocrystals. Luminescence is observed as long as Ge nanocrystals are present. For wet oxidation, the luminescence appears from the first stages of the oxidation, and is related to the formation of Ge-rich nanoclusters trapped in the mixed (Si and Ge) growing oxide. A sharp increase of the luminescence intensity for long oxidation times is also observed, due to the formation of Ge nanocrystals by the oxidation of the layer of segregated Ge. For both processes the luminescence is quenched when the oxidation time is long enough to cause the full oxidation of the Ge nanocrystals. The intensity of the luminescence in the dry oxidized samples is about ten times higher than in the wet oxidized ones for equal initial thickness of the SiGe layer.
|Subjects:||Material Science > Nanostructured materials|
|Deposited On:||10 Sep 2009 12:16|
|Last Modified:||10 Sep 2009 12:16|
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