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Self-ordering behavior of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) in malonic acid anodization

Lee, W. and Nielsch, K. and Goesele, U. (2007) Self-ordering behavior of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) in malonic acid anodization. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 18 (47).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/47/475713

Abstract

The self-ordering behavior of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) has been investigated for anodization of aluminum in malonic acid (H4C3O4) solution. In the present study it is found that a porous oxide layer formed on the surface of aluminum can effectively suppress catastrophic local events (such as breakdown of the oxide film and plastic deformation of the aluminum substrate), and enables stable fast anodic oxidation under a high electric field of 110–140 V and ~100 mA cm−2. Studies on the self-ordering behavior of AAO indicated that the cell homogeneity of AAO increases dramatically as the anodization voltage gets higher than 120 V. Highly ordered AAO with a hexagonal arrangement of the nanopores could be obtained in a voltage range 125–140 V. The current density (i.e., the electric field strength (E) at the bottom of a pore) is an important parameter governing the self-ordering of the nanopores as well as the interpore distance (Dint) for a given anodization potential (U) during malonic acid anodization.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:6221
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:10 Sep 2009 12:26
Last Modified:10 Sep 2009 12:26

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