Nano Archive

Bioactive nanofibers: Synergistic effects of nanotopography and chemical signaling on cell guidance

Patel, Shyam and Kurpinski, Kyle and Quigley, Ryan and Gao, Hongfeng and Hsiao, Benjamin S. and Poo, Mu-Ming and Li, Song (2007) Bioactive nanofibers: Synergistic effects of nanotopography and chemical signaling on cell guidance. NANO LETTERS, 7 (7). pp. 2122-2128.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl071182z

Abstract

Biodegradable nanofibers have tremendous potential for tissue repair. However, the combined effects of nanofiber organization and immobilized bioactive factors on cell guidance are not well understood. In this study, we developed aligned and bioactive nanofibrous scaffolds by immobilizing extracellular matrix protein and growth factor onto nanofibers, which simulated the physical and biochemical properties of native matrix fibrils. The aligned nanofibers significantly induced neurite outgrowth and enhanced skin cell migration during wound healing compared to randomly oriented nanofibers. Furthermore, the immobilized biochemical factors (as efficient as soluble factors) synergized with aligned nanofibers to promote highly efficient neurite outgrowth but had less effect on skin cell migration. This study shed light on the relative importance of nanotopography and chemical signaling in the guidance of different cell behavior.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:FIBROBLAST-GROWTH-FACTOR; REGENERATION; MEMBRANES; PROTECTS; FIBERS
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
ID Code:6205
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:09 Sep 2009 11:09
Last Modified:09 Sep 2009 11:09

Repository Staff Only: item control page