Radjenovic, J and Petrovic, M and Ventura, F and Barcelo, D (2008) Rejection of pharmaceuticals in nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membrane drinking water treatment. WATER RESEARCH, 42 (14). pp. 3601-3610.
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This paper investigates the removal of a broad range of pharmaceuticals during nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) applied in a full-scale drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) using groundwater. Pharmaceutical residues detected in groundwater used as feed water in all five sampling campaigns were analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs such as ketoprofen, diclofenac, acetaminophen and propyphenazone, beta-blockers sotalol and metoprolol, an antiepileptic drug carbamazepine, the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole, a lipid regulator gemfibrozil and a diuretic hydrochlorothiazide. The highest concentrations in groundwater were recorded for hydrochlorothiazide (58.6-2548 ng L-1), ketoprofen (<MQL-314 ng L-1), diclofenac (60.2-219.4 ng L-1), propyphenazone (51.5-295.8 ng L-1) and carbamazepine (8.7-166.5 ng L-1). Excellent overall performance of both NF and RO was noted, with high rejection percentages for almost all of the pharmaceuticals investigated (>85%). Deteriorations in retentions on NF and RO membranes were observed for acetaminophen (44.8-73%), gemfibrozil (50-70%) and mefenamic acid (30-50%). Furthermore, since several pharmaceutical residues were detected in the brine stream of NF and RO processes at concentrations of several hundreds nanogram per litre, its disposal to a near-by river can represent a possible risk implication of this type of treatment. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||drinking water treatment; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis; pharmaceuticals; rejection efficiency|
|Subjects:||Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications|
|Deposited By:||M T V|
|Deposited On:||04 Dec 2008 13:50|
|Last Modified:||12 Feb 2009 14:33|
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