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Storage and transportation opportunities of hydrogen

Demirbas, A (2007) Storage and transportation opportunities of hydrogen. ENERGY SOURCES PART B-ECONOMICS PLANNING AND POLICY, 2 (3). pp. 287-295. ISSN 1556-7257 (electronic) 1556-7249 (paper)

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Abstract

There are a few different approaches for hydrogen transportation and storage. Hydrogen can be stored as a compressed gas, as a liquid (at 20 K), and in solid state compounds. The first two methods are established technologies with several limitations, the most important being their energy intensive character. Hydrogen storage in metal hydrides is considered one of the most attractive methods. While hydrogen has many obvious advantages, there remains a problem with storage and C: transportation. Hydrides reduce the risk factors of gaseous or liquid hydrogen. The metal hydrides provide a safe method for fuel storage in hydrogen-powered vehicles. LiBH4 is a complex hydride which consists of 18% mass of hydrogen. Therefore, there are many reasons why hydrogen-storage materials, for example LiBH4, will be used in the future at many ranges. Hydride formation, reaction (absorption and/or chemisorption) between metal (M) and hydrogen (H-2) is: M + nH(2) reversible arrow MH2n + Q.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:hydrogen; metal hydride; storage; transportation
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Technology > Nanotechnology and energy applications
ID Code:607
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:09 Dec 2008 11:05
Last Modified:19 Feb 2009 17:23

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