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Self-assembly of lamellar clays to hierarchical microarrays

Lin, Jiang-Jen and Chen, Yu-Min and Tsai, Wei-Cheng and Chiu, Chih-Wei (2008) Self-assembly of lamellar clays to hierarchical microarrays. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 112 (26). pp. 9637-9643.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org

Abstract

We uncover new self-assembled morphologies such as lengthy rods, dendrites, and rod-bundles from the lamellar clays. The unique formation of lengthy rod (ca. 0.3 mu m in diameter and up to 40 mu m in length), hierarchical rod-bundle (ca. 3 mu m in diameter) and dendrite-like arrays was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). These microstructures were formed by self-piling the primary units of lamellar clay stacks that were intercalated with poly(oxypropylene)-amine salts (POP) within the interlayer spaces. Depending on the clay dimensions, the high-aspect-ratio mica (300-500 nm for plate dimension) tends to form lengthy rods and rod-bundles, whereas montmorillonite (80-100 nm for average plates) often leads to less orderly dendrites. The self-assemblies, elucidated by TEM and AFM micrograms, may involve two piling directions of the primary stack units by face-to-face alignment and edge-to-edge POP interaction. These hierarchical microstructures with different morphologies are controllable by selecting the self-assembling procedures, such as direct water evaporation and toluene/water interfacial film formation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:self assembly-morphology-microscopy-lamellar clay
Subjects:Analytical Science > Microscopy and probe methods
Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
ID Code:6046
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 12:57
Last Modified:27 Aug 2009 12:57

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