Nano Archive

Nanoscale and customary non-esterified sitosterols are equally enriched in different body compartments of the guinea pig

Keller, Sylvia and Helbig, Dorit and Haertl, Albert and Jahreis, Gerhard (2007) Nanoscale and customary non-esterified sitosterols are equally enriched in different body compartments of the guinea pig. MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH, 51 (12). pp. 1503-1509. ISSN 1613-4125

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1168390...

Abstract

The impact of sitosterol formulation particle size on the intestinal sterol absorption and the sterol status in various tissues in Dunkin Hartley guinea pigs was investigated. Three groups of animals (six each) were fed a basal diet (''control'') or a basal diet containing either customary sitosterol (''customary'', particle size: 10000-90000nm) or nanoscale sitosterol (''nanoscale'', particle size: 200300 nm). The average daily sitosterol intake was 21 7 mg (control), 154 8 mg (customary), and 127 18 mg (nanoscale) for 2 weeks. Sitosterol and cholesterol were analyzed in samples of plasma, blood cells, bile, liver, kidney, jejunal mucosa/serosa, cecum, colon and feces. Concentrations of sitosterol in all analyzed matrices increased significantly in the supplemented groups when compared to control group. No differences in the sitosterol concentrations in analyzed matrices occurred between nanoscale and customary group. The cholesterol concentrations in tissues remained unchanged. Fecal fatty acid and sterol distributions were modified during sitosterol intervention. Both particle sizes equally increased sitosterol levels in cholesterol-metabolizing cornpartments in the guinea pig. No differences in body compartment accumulation and intestinal absorption of the different sitosterol particle sizes were observed.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:cholesterol; guinea pig; nanoscale particle; sitosteroi; tissue
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for human health
ID Code:602
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:10 Dec 2008 09:49
Last Modified:10 Dec 2008 09:49

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