Nano Archive

Cystatin C and aging success

Sarnak, Mark J. and Katz, Ronit and Fried, Linda F. and Siscovick, David and Kestenbaum, Brian and Seliger, Stephen and Rijkhi, Dena and Tracy, Russell and Newman, Anne B. and Shlipak, Michael G. (2008) Cystatin C and aging success. ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 168 (2). pp. 147-153. ISSN Print: ISSN 0003-9926; Online: ISSN 1538-3679

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Background: To our knowledge, the effect of kidney function on successful aging has not been examined. Methods: We evaluated the relationship between cystatin C and aging success during a 6-year follow-up in the Cardiovascular Health Study, a community-based cohort of older adults (aged >= 65 years). Successful aging was defined as remaining free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and having intact physical and cognitive functioning. In adjusted analysis, an accelerated failure time model was used to evaluate the percentage reduction in successful years by level of cystatin C. A separate Cox proportional hazards model evaluated whether cystatin C was related to incident physical and cognitive disability. Results: A total of 2140 participants had cystatin C measured and were free of the previously mentioned conditions at baseline. Their mean age was 74 years. The mean cystatin C level, creatinine level, and estimated glomerular filtration rate were 1.06 mg/L, 0.93 mg/dL, and 78 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively (to convert cystatin C to nanomoles per liter, multiply by 75; and to convert creatinine to micromoles per liter, multiply by 88.4). A total of 873 participants reached a first event in follow-up, 138 because of cognitive disability, 238 because of physical disability, 34 because of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,.146 because of cancer, and 317 because of cardiovascular disease. The adjusted percentage reduction in successful life years in the highest vs the lowest quartile of cystatin C was 27% (95% confidence interval, 11%-39%). The highest vs lowest quartile of cystatin C also was independently associated with incident cognitive or physical disability (hazard ratio, 1.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.98). Conclusions: A higher cystatin C level, even within a range of relatively normal kidney function, was associated with unsuccessful aging.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for human health
ID Code:599
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:10 Dec 2008 10:27
Last Modified:10 Dec 2008 10:27

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