Nano Archive

Recapturing and trapping single molecules with a solid-state nanopore

Gershow, Marc and Golovchenko, J. A. (2007) Recapturing and trapping single molecules with a solid-state nanopore. NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY, 2 (12). pp. 775-779.

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The development of solid-state nanopores1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, inspired by their biological counterparts8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, shows great potential for the study of single macromolecules16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. Applications such as DNA sequencing6, 22, 23 and the exploration of protein folding6 require control of the dynamics of the molecule's interaction with the pore, but DNA capture by a solid-state nanopore is not well understood24, 25, 26. By recapturing individual molecules soon after they pass through a nanopore, we reveal the mechanism by which double-stranded DNA enters the pore. The observed recapture rates and times agree with solutions of a drift-diffusion model. Electric forces draw DNA to the pore over micrometer-scale distances, and upon arrival at the pore, molecules begin translocation almost immediately. Repeated translocation of the same molecule improves measurement accuracy, offers a way to probe the chemical transformations and internal dynamics of macromolecules on sub-millisecond time and sub-micrometre length scales, and demonstrates the ability to trap, study and manipulate individual macromolecules in solution.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
ID Code:5879
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:11 Sep 2009 15:38
Last Modified:11 Sep 2009 15:38

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