Nano Archive

Occupational risk management of engineered nanoparticles

Schulte, Paul and Geraci, Charles and Zumwalde, Ralph and Hoover, Mark and Kuempel, Eileen (2008) Occupational risk management of engineered nanoparticles. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE, 5 (4). pp. 239-249. ISSN 1545-9632 (electronic) 1545-9624 (paper)


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The earliest and most extensive societal exposures to engineered nanoparticles are likely to occur in the workplace. Until toxicologic and health effects research moves forward to characterize more broadly the potential hazards of nanoparticles and to provide a scientific basis for appropriate control of nanomaterials in the workplace, current and future workers may be at risk from occupational exposures. This article reviews a conceptual framework for occupational risk management as applied to engineered nanomaterials and describes an associated approach for controlling exposures in the presence of uncertainty. The framework takes into account the potential routes of exposure and factors that may influence biological activity and potential toxicity of nanomaterials; incorporates primary approaches based on the traditional industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls involving elimination or substitution, engineering controls, administrative controls, and use of personal protective equipment; and includes valuable secondary approaches involving health surveillance and medical monitoring.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:controls; nanotechnology; particles; risk assessment; risk management
Subjects:NanoSafety > Environment, health and safety aspects of nanotechnology
ID Code:572
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 12:39
Last Modified:23 Feb 2009 09:31

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