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An ion mobility-mass spectrometry investigation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

Schenauer, Matthew R. and Leary, Julie A. (2009) An ion mobility-mass spectrometry investigation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, In Press, Corrected Proof . - . (In Press)

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In the present article we describe the gas-phase dissociation behavior of the dimeric form of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) using quadrupole-traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry–time of flight mass spectrometry (q-TWIMS–TOF MS) (Waters Synapt™). Through investigation of the 9+ charge state of the dimer, we were able to monitor dissociation product ion (monomer) formation as a function of activation energy. Using ion mobility, we were able to observe precursor ion structural changes occurring throughout the activation process. Arrival time distributions (ATDs) for the 5+ monomeric MCP-1 product ions, derived from the gas-phase dissociation of the 9+ dimer, were then compared with ATDs obtained for the 5+ MCP-1 monomer isolated directly from solution. The results show that the dissociated monomer is as compact as the monomer arising from solution, regardless of the trap collision energy (CE) used in the dissociation. The solution-derived monomer, when collisionally activated, also resists significant unfolding within measure. Finally, we compared the collisional activation data for the MCP-1 dimer with an MCP-1 dimer non-covalently bound to a single molecule of the semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan (GAG) analog Arixtra™; the latter a therapeutic anti-thrombin III-activating pentasaccharide. We observed that while dimeric MCP-1 dissociated at relatively low trap CEs, the Arixtra-bound dimer required much higher energies, which also induced covalent bond cleavage in the bound Arixtra molecule. Both the free and Arixtra-bound dimers became less compact and exhibited longer arrival times with increasing trap CEs, albeit the Arixtra-bound complex at slightly higher energies. That both dimers shifted to longer arrival times with increasing activation energy, while the dissociated MCP-1 monomers remained compact, suggests that the longer arrival times of the Arixtra-free and Arixtra-bound dimers may represent a partial breach of non-covalent interactions between the associated MCP-1 monomers, rather than extensive unfolding of individual subunits. The fact that Arixtra preferentially binds MCP-1 dimers and prevents dimer dissociation at comparable activation energies to the Arixtra-free dimer, may suggest that the drug interacts across the two monomers, thereby inhibiting their dissociation.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ion mobility; Non-covalent complex; Nano-electrospray ionization; Chemokine; Glycosaminoglycan
Subjects:Analytical Science > Metrology and standards in nanotechnology
ID Code:5694
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:28 Jul 2009 14:54
Last Modified:28 Jul 2009 14:54

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