Nano Archive

Analytical mass spectrometry of poly(ethylene glycol) additives in artists' acrylic emulsion media, artists' paints, and microsamples from acrylic paintings using MALDI-MS and nanospray-ESI-MS

Hoogland, F. G. and Boon, J. J. (2009) Analytical mass spectrometry of poly(ethylene glycol) additives in artists' acrylic emulsion media, artists' paints, and microsamples from acrylic paintings using MALDI-MS and nanospray-ESI-MS. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 284 (1-3). 72 - 80.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VND...

Abstract

Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) compounds in artists’ acrylic emulsion paint products from different paint manufacturers, ranging from base emulsions (Rohm and Haas, Röhm and Scott Bader), to modified emulsions and complete paints (Rowney, Winsor and Newton, Golden, Liquitex, Lascaux), were characterised with a newly developed mass spectrometric method which combines data from Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry (MALDI–MS) and nano-electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (nano-ESI–MS(MS)). MALDI–MS was used for the determination of the molar mass distribution (MMD) and calculation of the molar mass averages (Mw and Mn), the polydispersity index (D) and the relative amount of a specific distribution if multiple PEGs were present. Electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry was used for the end-group analysis. Three different classes of polymers was found being PEG, polypropylene glycol (PPG) and a block copolymer of polyethylene glycol/polypropylene glycol (PEG/PPG) with molar mass averages ranging from 400 to 4200 Da. PEG compounds with a nonylphenyl or an octylphenyl hydrophobic end-group are most common. The hydrophilic end-groups observed are hydroxide and/or sulphate. Water extracts of microsamples from a palette by David Hockney dating from 1970 and samples paintings by Patrick Caulfield (1936–2005) and John Hoyland (born in 1934) were investigated with the same technique. Although some artist paint manufacturers use the same specific base emulsions to make their paints, the composition of the PEG compounds present in the water extracts of the palette and paintings samples made it possible, in some cases, to suggest a specific brand of paint used by the artist.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Special Issue on Art and Cultural Heritage
Uncontrolled Keywords:Artists’ acrylic emulsion paint; MALDI–TOF–MS; Nano ESI–QTOF–MS; Painting sample; Poly(ethylene glycol)
Subjects:Analytical Science > Metrology and standards in nanotechnology
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:5644
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:05 Aug 2009 10:40
Last Modified:05 Aug 2009 10:40

Repository Staff Only: item control page