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Microwave-assisted functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes with 3-chloropropene

Tian, Rong and Wang, Xianbao and Xu, Yang and Li, Shaoqing and Wan, Li and Li, Mingjian and Cheng, Jing (2009) Microwave-assisted functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes with 3-chloropropene. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 11 (5). pp. 1201-1208.


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We have reported a highly efficient approach to functionalize single-walled carbon nanotubes by electrophilic addition polymerization of 3-chloropropene under microwave irradiation. Using Lewis acids as catalysts, 3-chloropropene can undergo polymerization followed by hydrolysis with alkaline methanol, and thus the reaction results in the attachment of polymer chains and hydroxyl groups to the surface of the nanotubes. The resulting nanotubes were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The result shows that 30 min of irradiation time is enough to bring the reaction to the end and a longer time did not improve the degree of functionalization.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:5581
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:29 Jun 2009 15:36
Last Modified:29 Jun 2009 15:36

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