Obrzut, J. and Douglas, Jack F. and Kharchenko, S. B. and Migler, K. B. (2007) Shear-induced conductor-insulator transition in melt-mixed polypropylene-carbon nanotube dispersions. PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 76 (19).
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Official URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.76.195420
The blending of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) into polymer matrices leads to intrinsically nonequilibrium materials whose properties can depend strongly on flow history. We have constructed a rheodielectric spectrometer that allows for the simultaneous in situ measurement of both the electrical conductivity sigma(omega) and dielectric constant epsilon(omega) as a function of frequency omega, as well as basic rheological properties (viscosity, normal stresses), as part of an effort to better characterize how flow alters the properties of these complex fluids. Measurements of sigma indicate a conductor-insulator transition in melt-mixed dispersions of multiwall CNTs in polypropylene over a narrow range of CNT concentrations that is reasonably described by the generalized effective medium theory. A conductor-insulator transition in sigma can also be induced by shearing the fluid at a fixed CNT concentration phi near, but above, the zero shear CNT conductivity percolation threshold phi(c). We find that the shear-induced conductor-insulator transition has its origin in the shear-rate dependence of phi(c), which conforms well to a model introduced to describe this effect. Surprisingly, sigma of these nonequilibrium materials fully recovers at these elevated temperatures upon cessation of flow. We also find that the frequency dependence of sigma(omega) follows a ``universal'' scaling relation observed for many other disordered materials.
|Subjects:||Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials|
Physical Science > Nano objects
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
|Deposited On:||20 Jan 2009 16:31|
|Last Modified:||19 Feb 2009 17:45|
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