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Monitoring Charge Exchange in P3HT-Nanotube Composites Using Optical and Electrical Characterisation

Alexandrou, Ioannis and Lioudakis, Emmanouil and Delaportas, Dimitrios and Zhao, C. Z. and Othonos, Andreas (2009) Monitoring Charge Exchange in P3HT-Nanotube Composites Using Optical and Electrical Characterisation. Nanoscale Research Letters, 4 (7). pp. 635-639.


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Charge exchange at the bulk heterojunctions of composites made by mixing single wall nanotubes (SWNTs) and polymers show potential for use in optoelectronic devices such as solar cells and optical sensors. The density/total area of these heterojunctions is expected to increase with increasing SWNT concentration but the efficiency of solar cell peaks at low SWNT concentrations. Most researchers use current–voltage measurements to determine the evolution of the SWNT percolation network and optical absorption measurements to monitor the spectral response of the composites. However, these methods do not provide a detailed account of carrier transport at the concentrations of interest; i.e., near or below the percolation threshold. In this article, we show that capacitance–voltage (C–V) response of (metal)-(oxide)-(semiconducting composite) devices can be used to fill this gap in studying bulk heterojunctions. In an approach where we combine optical absorption methods with C–V measurements we can acquire a unified optoelectronic response from P3HT-SWNT composites. This methodology can become an important tool for optoelectronic device optimization.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:5559
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 10:06
Last Modified:30 Jun 2009 10:06

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