Nano Archive

Highly Uniform Epitaxial ZnO Nanorod Arrays for Nanopiezotronics

Volk, J. and Nagata, T. and Erdélyi, R. and Bársony, I. and Tóth, A. L. and Lukács, I. E. and Czigány, Zs. and Tomimoto, H. and Shingaya, Y. and Chikyow, T. (2009) Highly Uniform Epitaxial ZnO Nanorod Arrays for Nanopiezotronics. Nanoscale Research Letters, 4 (7). pp. 699-704.


Official URL:


Highly uniform and c-axis-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays were fabricated in predefined patterns by a low temperature homoepitaxial aqueous chemical method. The nucleation seed patterns were realized in polymer and in metal thin films, resulting in, all-ZnO and bottom-contacted structures, respectively. Both of them show excellent geometrical uniformity: the cross-sectional uniformity according to the scanning electron micrographs across the array is lower than 2%. The diameter of the hexagonal prism-shaped nanorods can be set in the range of 90–170 nm while their typical length achievable is 0.5–2.3 μm. The effect of the surface polarity was also examined, however, no significant difference was found between the arrays grown on Zn-terminated and on O-terminated face of the ZnO single crystal. The transmission electron microscopy observation revealed the single crystalline nature of the nanorods. The current–voltage characteristics taken on an individual nanorod contacted by a Au-coated atomic force microscope tip reflected Schottky-type behavior. The geometrical uniformity, the designable pattern, and the electrical properties make the presented nanorod arrays ideal candidates to be used in ZnO-based DC nanogenerator and in next-generation integrated piezoelectric nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS).

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Physical Science > Photonics
ID Code:5544
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 11:07
Last Modified:30 Jun 2009 11:07

Repository Staff Only: item control page