Nano Archive

Simple and rapid synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanowires under ambient conditions

Nasibulin, Albert G. and Rackauskas, Simas and Jiang, Hua and Tian, Ying and Mudimela, Prasantha Reddy and Shandakov, Sergey D. and Nasibulina, Larisa I. and Jani, Sainio and Kauppinen, Esko I. (2009) Simple and rapid synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanowires under ambient conditions. Nano Research, 2 (5). pp. 373-379.

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We propose a simple method for the efficient and rapid synthesis of one-dimensional hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanostructures based on electrical resistive heating of iron wire under ambient conditions. Typically, 1-“5 μm long α-Fe2O3 nanowires were synthesized on a time scale of seconds at temperatures of around 700 °C. The morphology, structure, and mechanism of formation of the nanowires were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopies, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman techniques. A nanowire growth mechanism based on diffusion of iron ions to the surface through grain boundaries and to the growing wire tip through stacking fault defects and due to surface diffusion is proposed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:5513
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:22 May 2009 11:37
Last Modified:22 May 2009 12:03

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