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The influence of Ni-rich nanoclusters on the anisotropic magnetic properties of CdSb doped with Ni

Laiho, R and Lashkul, A V and Lisunov, K G and Lahderanta, E and Ojala, I and Zakhvalinskii, V S (2006) The influence of Ni-rich nanoclusters on the anisotropic magnetic properties of CdSb doped with Ni. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 21 (3). pp. 228-235.

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Official URL: http://stacks.iop.org/0268-1242/21/228

Abstract

The magnetic properties of oriented CdSb single crystals doped with 2 at% of Ni are investigated. From measurements of magnetic irreversibility defined by deviation of the zero-field-cooled (ZFC) susceptibility from the field-cooled (FC) susceptibility, the value of the mean anisotropy field BK [?] 4 kG is obtained. The ZFC susceptibility displays a broad maximum at a blocking temperature, Tb, depending on B according to the law [Tb(B)/Tb(0)]1/2 = 1 [?] B/BK with Tb(0) [?] 100 K. The field dependence of the magnetization exhibits saturation above [?]20-30 kG with values of Ms different for B along the [1 0 0], [0 1 0] and [0 0 1] axes. The temperature dependence of Ms is weak, increasing slightly upon cooling the sample below [?]100 K. The temperature dependence of the coercive field, Bc(T), is weak above Tb but is enhanced strongly with decreasing temperature below Tb. The anisotropy of Bc is inverted with respect to the anisotropy of Ms. Such behaviour can be attributed to spheroidal Ni-rich Ni1[?]xSbx nanoparticles with a high aspect ratio, broad size distribution and distribution of the orientation of the major axis around a preferred direction. The relation Bc [?] BK and the anisotropies of Ms and Bc are consistent with reversal of the magnetization by the curling mode, whereas the Tb(B) dependence is typical of the coherent rotation mode. This difference is connected to the proximity of the average transversal cluster radius to a critical value for transition between the two magnetization reversal modes within a wide crossover interval, due to broad distribution of the cluster sizes.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5420
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:06 Feb 2010 11:11
Last Modified:06 Feb 2010 11:53

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