Nano Archive

Self-assembled nano-arrays of single-walled carbon nanotube-octa(hydroxyethylthio)phthalocyaninatoiron(II) on gold surfaces: Impacts of SWCNT and solution pH on electron transfer kinetics

Nkosi, Duduzile and Ozoemena, Kenneth I. (2008) Self-assembled nano-arrays of single-walled carbon nanotube-octa(hydroxyethylthio)phthalocyaninatoiron(II) on gold surfaces: Impacts of SWCNT and solution pH on electron transfer kinetics. ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 53 (6). pp. 2782-2793.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2007.10.073

Abstract

The construction by sequential self-assembly process of reproducible, highly stable and pH-responsive redox-active nanostructured arrays of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) integrated with octa(hydroxyethylthio)phthalocyaninatoiron(II) (FeOHETPc) via ester bonds on a gold surface (Au-Cys-SWCNT-FeOHETPc) is investigated and discussed. The successful construction of this electrode is confirmed using atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy as well as from the distinct cyclic voltammetric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic profiles. The Au-Cys-SWCNT-FeOHETPc electrode exhibited strong dependence on the reaction of the head groups and the pH of the working electrolytes, the surface pK(a) is estimated as 7.3. The high electron transfer capability of the Au-Cys-SWCNT-FeOHETPc electrode over other electrodes (Au-Cys-SWCNT or the Au-Cys-FeOHETPc or the Au-FeOHETPc) suggests that SWCNT greatly improves the electronic communication between FeOHETPc and the bare gold electrode. The electron transfer rate constant (k(app)) of Au-Cys-SWCNT-FeOHETPc in pH 4.8 conditions (similar to 1.7 x 10(-2) cm(-2) s(-1)) over that of the electrode obtained from SWCNT integrated with tetraaminophthalocyninatocobalt(II) (Au-Cys-SWCNT-CoTAPc) (5.1 X 10(-3)cm(-2)s(-1)) is attributed to the possible effect of the central metal on the phthalocyanine core and substituents on the peripheral positions of the phthalocyanine rings. We also prove that aligned SWCNT arrays exhibit much faster electron transfer kinetics to redox-active species in solutions compared to the randomly dispersed (drop-dried) SWCNTs. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:octa(hydroxyethylthio)phthalocyaninatoiron(II); single-walled carbon nanotube; self-assembled monolayer; surface pK(a); cyclic voltammetry; impedance spectroscopy; electron transfer rates
Subjects:Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:524
Deposited By:IoN
Deposited On:20 Jan 2009 12:54
Last Modified:20 Jan 2009 12:54

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