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Improved capacitive melting curve measurements

Sebedash, Alexander and Tuoriniemi, Juha and Pentti, Elias and Salmela, Anssi (2009) Improved capacitive melting curve measurements. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 150 (1). 012043 (4pp).

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Official URL: http://stacks.iop.org/1742-6596/150/012043

Abstract

Sensitivity of the capacitive method for determining the melting pressure of helium can be enhanced by loading the empty side of the capacitor with helium at a pressure nearly equal to that desired to be measured and by using a relatively thin and flexible membrane in between. This way one can achieve a nanobar resolution at the level of 30 bar, which is two orders of magnitude better than that of the best gauges with vacuum reference. This extends the applicability of melting curve thermometry to lower temperatures and would allow detecting tiny anomalies in the melting pressure, which must be associated with any phenomena contributing to the entropy of the liquid or solid phases. We demonstrated this principle in measurements of the crystallization pressure of isotopic helium mixtures at millikelvin temperatures by using partly solid pure 4He as the reference substance providing the best possible universal reference pressure. The achieved sensitivity was good enough for melting curve thermometry on mixtures down to 100 mK. Similar system can be used on pure isotopes by virtue of a blocked capillary giving a stable reference condition with liquid slightly below the melting pressure in the reference volume. This was tested with pure 4He at temperatures 0.08-0.3 K. To avoid spurious heating effects, one must carefully choose and arrange any dielectric materials close to the active capacitor. We observed some 100 pW loading at moderate excitation voltages.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:5144
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Aug 2009 09:03
Last Modified:06 Aug 2009 11:31

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