Nano Archive

Tailored nanoparticle films from monosized tin oxide nanocrystals: Particle synthesis, film formation, and size-dependent gas-sensing properties

Kennedy,, M. K and Kruis, F. E. and Fissan, H. and Mehta, B. R. and Stappert , S. and Dumpich, G. (2003) Tailored nanoparticle films from monosized tin oxide nanocrystals: Particle synthesis, film formation, and size-dependent gas-sensing properties. Journal of Applied Physics, 93 (1). p. 551. ISSN 0021-8979

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL: http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServ...

Abstract

In order to investigate the change of gas-sensitive properties of undoped tin oxide nanoparticle films depending on particle size, a thin film synthesis technique has been developed. Well-defined tin oxide nanoparticles have been prepared using a gas-phase condensation method. Pure SnO was used as starting material and was evaporated at T = 820 °C. The resulting particles were sintered and crystallized in-flight at T = 650 °C. Size-selected nanoparticles ranging from 10 to 35 nm were produced to form a nanoparticle film by means of electrostatic precipitation or low pressure impaction. The effect of in-flight oxidation, sintering, and crystallization on the structure, size, and size distribution of nanoparticles have been studied in detail. The samples show n-type semiconductors' behavior like bulk SnO2. The influence of particle size on gas sensitivity and response behavior is investigated for C2H5OH at operating temperatures 200–300 °C using silicon substrates having an interdigitated contact pattern and an integrated heating system. In the range of 10–35 nm it has been shown unambiguously that decreasing the particle size of tin oxide particles leads to an increase of the sensitivity and a more rapid response on changing gas conditions. The effect is especially clear for films with a particle size of 20 nm or smaller.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:5081
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:27 May 2009 10:14
Last Modified:27 May 2009 10:14

Repository Staff Only: item control page