Nano Archive

Fabrication of thermal microbridge actuators and characterization of their electrical and mechanical responses

Sainiemi, Lauri and Grigoras, Kestas and Kassamakov, Ivan and Hanhijärvi, Kalle and Aaltonen, Juha and Fan, Ji and Saarela, Ville and Hæggström, Edward and Franssila, Sami (2009) Fabrication of thermal microbridge actuators and characterization of their electrical and mechanical responses. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 149 (2). 305 - 314.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6THG...

Abstract

This study presents thermal silicon microbridge actuators which have been made by a novel fabrication process utilizing dry processes for all critical steps. The fabrication process results in microbridges which are fully oxide covered, with excellent surface quality and dimensional control. The microbridges are made in the device layer of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer which ensures uniform doping profile and accurate thickness control. The electrical and mechanical responses of the bridges were measured upon rapid heating up to near the melting point of silicon. Up to 12 μm mechanical deflection due to thermal expansion was detected by white light interferometry (WLI) which allowed accurate measurement. Mechanical deflection has previously not been measured for silicon microlamps. Thermal conduction in the air gap between the actuator and the neighbouring solid silicon parts was analysed and shown to be more important than convection or radiation, even at very high operation temperatures.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Silicon; Cryogenic DRIE; Silicon-on-insulator; White light interferometry; Microbridge; Mechanical deflection
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
ID Code:4953
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:09 Apr 2009 12:27
Last Modified:09 Apr 2009 12:27

Repository Staff Only: item control page