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Monolithic SU-8 micro-interferometer for biochemical detections

Shew, B. Y. and Cheng, Y. C. and Tsai, Y. H. (2008) Monolithic SU-8 micro-interferometer for biochemical detections. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 141 (2). 299 - 306.

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SU-8 resist was used as the core/cladding waveguide material to fabricate a Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) for biochemical detections. The refractive index and the UV-lithography processes of the SU-8 resist were optimized to create a MZI chip with single-mode and high-efficiency transmission. The bio-probes (rabbit IgG) were then immobilized on the surface of the SU-8 waveguide via a linking layer of poly(acrylic) acid. In the optical measurement, the output intensity of the MZI changes when one branch waveguide contacts with the analyte with various concentrations of antibody (anti-IgG). The preliminary results showed that the SU-8 MZI achieves a maximum sensitivity of 10−9 g/ml (not, vert, similar6.7 × 10−12 M). Since the waveguide dimension of the SU-8 MZI (not, vert, similar6 μm) is relatively large, the elevated detection sensitivity primarily results from a high signal/noise ratio measurement owing to the high-efficiency optical coupling condition. The SU-8 MZI chip was also used to detect the tiny refractive index change in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) process. Due to the combination of enzyme amplification, interferometric measurement and micro-volume reaction, the detection sensitivity can be improved to about 10−12 g/ml (around 5.6 × 10−15 M). Although the ultimate sensitivity of the MZI-based techniques still waits to be examined, it seems to be a promising way toward single molecular detection.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Optical waveguide; Evanescent wave; Interferometer; Biosensor; SU-8 resist; ELISA
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
ID Code:4882
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:10 Apr 2009 08:53
Last Modified:10 Apr 2009 08:53

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