Nano Archive

Design, simulation and experiment of electroosmotic microfluidic chip for cell sorting

Sun, Y and Lim, C. S. and Liu, A. Q. and Ayi, T. C. and Yap, P. H. (2007) Design, simulation and experiment of electroosmotic microfluidic chip for cell sorting. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 133 (2). 340 - 348.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6THG...

Abstract

A microfluidic cell sorting chip has been developed using micromachining technology, where electroosmotic flow (EOF) is exploited to drive and switch cells. For this electroosmotically driven system, it is found that the effect of induced hydrostatic pressure caused by unequal levels in solution reservoirs is not negligible. In this work, the numerical simulation of EOF and opposing pressure induced flow in microchannels is presented and the velocity profiles in the microchannels are measured experimentally using microparticle imaging velocimetry (PIV) system. The result shows that the final resulting velocity is the superposition of the two flows. A total volume of 0.305 μl is transported in the 50 μm microchannel and the back flow occurs after 240 s transportation. The task of sorting cells is realized at the switching structure by adjusting the electric fields in the microchannels. The performance of the cell sorting chip is optimized by investigating the effect of different switching structures. A Y-junction switching structure with 90° switching angle is highly recommended with simulated leakage distance of 53 μm and switching time of 8 ms.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Selected Papers from the 9th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies - ICMAT 2005 SI, Selected Papers from the 9th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies
Uncontrolled Keywords:Microfluidics; Cell sorting; Electroosmotic flow
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Analytical Science > Metrology and standards in nanotechnology
Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for animal health
Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for human health
ID Code:4751
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 12:33
Last Modified:30 Jun 2009 12:33

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