Nano Archive

High-strain ionomeric-ionic liquid electroactive actuators

Akle, Barbar J. and Bennett, Matthew D. and Leo, Donald J. (2006) High-strain ionomeric-ionic liquid electroactive actuators. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 126 (1). 173 - 181.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL:


Ionomeric polymers are a class of electromechanical transducer consisting of an ionomeric substrate with metal-plated electrodes. Application of a low-voltage (<5 V) across the thickness of the membrane produces controllable strain. The advantage of ionomeric polymers compared to other types of electromechanical transducers (e.g. piezoelectric polymers) is low-voltage operation, High-strain capability, and high sensitivity to motion in charge sensing mode. Two of the primary limitations of ionomeric polymers for electromechanical transducers are unstable operation in air and solvent breakdown at low-voltage. This work focuses on overcoming these limitations through the development of an ionic liquid-ionomeric composite with a tailored electrode composition that maximizes strain output. It is becoming clear that charge accumulation at the polymer-electrode interface is the key to producing high-strain in ionomeric polymer transducers. In this work, we combine a previously developed process for incorporating ionic liquids into ionomer membranes with a new method for tailoring the electrode composition. The electrode composition is studied as a function of the surface-to-volume ratio and conductivity of the metal particulates. Results demonstrate that the surface-to-volume ratio of the metal particulate is critical to increasing the capacitance of the transducer. Increased conductivity of the metal particulates produces improved response at higher frequencies (>10 Hz), but this effect is small compared to the increase in strain produced by maximizing the capacitance. Increasing capacitance produces a transducer that is able to achieve >2% strain () at voltage levels of ±3 V.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Artificial muscle; Ionic liquid; Electroactive polymer; Nafion; Ionic polymer transducer
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:4726
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 16:37
Last Modified:30 Jun 2009 16:37

Repository Staff Only: item control page