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The effect of specific surface area on the activity of nano-scale ceria catalysts for methanol decomposition with and without steam at SOFC operating temperatures

Laosiripojanaa, N. and Assabumrungrat, Suttichai (2006) The effect of specific surface area on the activity of nano-scale ceria catalysts for methanol decomposition with and without steam at SOFC operating temperatures. Chemical Engineering Science, 61 . pp. 2540-2549.

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Abstract

Nano-particulate high surface area CeO2 was found to have a useful methanol decomposition activity producing H2, CO, CO2, and a small amount of CH4 without the presence of steam being required under solid oxide fuel cell temperatures, 700–1000 ◦C. The catalyst provides high resistance toward carbon deposition even when no steam is present in the feed. It was observed that the conversion of methanol was close to 100% at 850 ◦C, and no carbon deposition was detected from the temperature programmed oxidation measurement. The reactivity toward methanol decomposition for CeO2 is due to the redox property of this material. During the decomposition process, the gas–solid reactions between the gaseous components, which are homogeneously generated from the methanol decomposition (i.e., CH4, CO2, CO, H2O, and H2), and the lattice oxygen (Ox O) on ceria surface take place. The reactions of adsorbed surface hydrocarbons with the lattice oxygen (CnHm + Ox O → nCO + m/2(H2) + VO·· + 2e) can produce synthesis gas (CO and H2) and also prevent the formation of carbon species from hydrocarbons decomposition reaction (CnHm ⇔ nC + m/2H2). VO·· denotes an oxygen vacancy with an effective charge 2+. Moreover, the formation of carbon via Boudouard reaction (2CO ⇔ CO2 + C) is also reduced by the gas–solid reaction of carbon monoxide with the lattice oxygen (CO + Ox O ⇔ CO2 + VO·· + 2e). At steady state, the rate of methanol decomposition over high surface area CeO2 was considerably higher than that over low surface area CeO2 due to the significantly higher oxygen storage capacity of high surface area CeO2, which also results in the high resistance toward carbon deposition for this material. In particular, it was observed that the methanol decomposition rate is proportional to the methanol partial pressure but independent of the steam partial pressure at 700–800

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in mechanical engineering
ID Code:4596
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:08 Apr 2009 07:21
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 07:21

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