Nano Archive

Preparation and properties of radiation crosslinked natural rubber/clay nanocomposites

Sharif, Jamaliah and Yunus, Wan Md Zin Wan and Dahlan, Khairul Zaman Hj Mohd and Ahmad, Mansor Hj (2005) Preparation and properties of radiation crosslinked natural rubber/clay nanocomposites. Polymer Testing, 24 . pp. 211-217.

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Abstract

Radiation crosslinking of natural rubber (NR)/clay nanocomposites was studied by using Standard Malaysian Rubber (SMRL) grade natural rubber and sodium montmorillonite (Na-MMT) clay that had been modified with cationic surfactants, dodecyl ammonium chloride (DDA) and octadecylamine ammonium chloride (ODA). The NR/clay nanocomposites were prepared by melt mixing to produce NR/Na-MMT, NR/DDA-MMT and NR/ODA-MMT composites. X-ray diffraction results indicated the intercalation of the NR into silicate nano-size inter-layers for NR/DDA-MMT and NR/ODA-MMT nanocomposites. An optimum electron beam dose of 250 kGy for crosslinking of NR, NR/DDA-MMT and NR/ODA-MMT was determined by gel content and tensile strength measurements. Upon electron beam irradiation, the tensile modulus of the nanocomposites keeps increasing with the increase of clay content up to 10 phr. However, the tensile strength and gel content of the nanocomposites show optimum values at a range of 3.0–5.0 phr clay content. From these results, NR/DDA-MMT shows higher tensile strength, whereas NR/ODA-MMT exhibits higher tensile modulus. The optimum tensile strengths of NR/DDAMMT and NR/ODA-MMT are 12.1 and 9.5 MPa, respectively. TGA studies showed that NR/DDA-MMT and NR/ODA-MMT nanocomposites have higher decomposition temperatures in comparison with the NR/Na-MMT.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:4562
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:08 Apr 2009 02:34
Last Modified:08 Apr 2009 02:34

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