Nano Archive

Retention of Enzymatic Activity of α-Amylase in the Reductive Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles

Sarma, Tridib Kumar and Rangnekar, Abhijit and Singh, Atul Kumar and Deka, Jashmini and Ramesh, Aiyagari and Chattopadhyay, Arun (2007) Retention of Enzymatic Activity of α-Amylase in the Reductive Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles. Langmuir,, 23 (10). pp. 5700-5706. ISSN

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In this paper, we report the generation of Au nanoparticles (NPs), using a pure enzyme for the reduction of AuCl4-, with the retention of enzymatic activity in the complex. As a model system, α-amylase was used to readily synthesize and stabilize Au NPs in aqueous solution. Although several other enzymes were also pursued for the synthesis, it was interesting to observe that only α-amylase and EcoRI could produce Au NPs. Following NP synthesis, the activity of the enzyme was retained in the Au NP−α-amylase complex. The presence of Au NPs and α-amylase in the complex was established by UV−visible and FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) measurements. Our observations suggest that the presence of free and exposed S−H groups is essential in the reduction of AuCl4- to Au NPs. Structural analysis of the enzymes showed that both α-amylase and EcoRI enzymes have free and exposed S−H groups in their native form and thus are suitable for the generation of NPs, whereas the other ones used here do not have such groups. Fortuitously, the enzymatic functional group of α-amylase is positioned opposite to that of the free and exposed S−H group, which makes it ideal for the production of Au NPs; binding of the enzyme to Au NPs via Au−S bond and also retention of the biological activity of the enzyme.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:4368
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:03 Apr 2009 05:13
Last Modified:03 Apr 2009 05:13

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