Nano Archive

Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of Eu+++/Y2O3 nanophosphors by an alkoxide precursor

Pandey, Ashutosh and Pandey, Anjana and Roy, Mukesh Kumar and Verma, H. C. (2006) Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of Eu+++/Y2O3 nanophosphors by an alkoxide precursor. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 96 (2-3). 466-470 .

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Eu+++ doped Y2O3 nanoparticles have been synthesized by sol–gel process using an yttrium oxo-isopropoxide (Y5O(OPri)13) as precursor. X-ray diffraction and optical spectroscopy have been used to characterize these clusters. The as synthesized powder gave very broad peak in the X-ray diffraction suggesting amorphous or subnanocrystalline particles. The same pattern was found for the powder annealed at 300 °C for 5 h. However, annealing at temperatures between 400 and 800 °C gave well crystalline particles with average size between 17 and 43 nm. The ratio of intensities of 5D0→7F1 and 5D0→7F2 tranisitions in the europium emission spectrum has been used as structural probe to indicate the local environment around Eu+++ in the Y2O3 particles. It is concluded that in the samples annealed at temperatures below 800 °C europium is situated in the near octahedral holes of the Y2O3 lattice having high symmetry around them, while in the 800 °C heated sample the symmetry is comparatively less pronounced. This indicates that some of europium atoms are also at the nanoparticles surface. In comparison to other reports the local europium environment is much symmetrical even for our 800 °C annealed sample.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:4289
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:03 Apr 2009 05:24
Last Modified:09 Apr 2009 05:29

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