Nano Archive

Carrier density and Schottky barrier on the performance of DC nanogenerator

Liu, Jin and Fei, Peng and Song, Jinhui and Wang, Xudong and Lao, Changshi and Tummala, Rao and Wang, Zhong Lin (2008) Carrier density and Schottky barrier on the performance of DC nanogenerator. NANO LETTERS, 8 (1). pp. 328-332.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl0728470?prev...

Abstract

By assembling a ZnO nanowire (NW) array based nanogenerator (NG) that is transparent to UV light, we have investigated the performance of the NG by tuning its carrier density and the characteristics of the Schottky barrier at the interface between the metal electrode and the NW. The formation of a Schottky diode at the interface is a must for the effective operation of the NG. UV light not only increases the carrier density in ZnO but also reduces the barrier height. A reduced barrier height greatly weakens the function of the barrier for preserving the piezoelectric potential in the NW for an extended period of time, resulting in little output current. An increased carrier density speeds up the rate at which the piezoelectric charges are screened/neutralized, but a very low carrier density prevents the flow of current through the NWs. Therefore, there is an optimum conductance of the NW for maximizing the output of the NG. Our study provides solid evidence to further prove the mechanism proposed for the piezoelectric NG and piezotronics. The output current density of the NG has been improved to 8.3 mu A/cm(2).

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
ID Code:428
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:12 Dec 2008 01:39
Last Modified:12 Dec 2008 01:39

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