Nano Archive

Facile fabrication of hierarchically porous carbonaceous monoliths with ordered mesostructure via an organic organic self-assembly

Xue, Chunfeng and Tu, Bo and Zhao, Dongyuan (2009) Facile fabrication of hierarchically porous carbonaceous monoliths with ordered mesostructure via an organic organic self-assembly. Nano Research, 2 (3). pp. 242-253.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/f5713205t66150...

Abstract

A simple strategy for the synthesis of macro-mesoporous carbonaceous monolith materials has been demonstrated through an organic-organic self-assembly at the interface of an organic scaffold such as polyurethane (PU) foam. Hierarchically porous carbonaceous monoliths with cubic (Im m) or hexagonal (p6mm) mesostructure were prepared through evaporation induced self-assembly of the mesostructure on the three-dimensional (3-D) interconnecting struts of the PU foam scaffold. The preparation was carried out by using phenol/formaldehyde resol as a carbon precursor, triblock copolymer F127 as a template for the mesostructure and PU foam as a sacrificial monolithic scaffold. Their hierarchical pore system was macroscopically fabricated with cable-like mesostructured carbonaceous struts. The carbonaceous monoliths exhibit macropores of diameter 100–450 μm, adjustable uniform mesopores (3.8–7.5 nm), high surface areas (200–870 m2/g), and large pore volumes (0.17–0.58) cm3/g. Compared with the corresponding evaporation induced self-assembly (EISA) process on a planar substrate, this facile process is a time-saving, labor-saving, space-saving, and highly efficient pathway for mass production of ordered mesoporous materials.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Self-assembly - synthesis - mesoporous materials - carbonaceous - monolith - templating - macroporous materials
ID Code:4255
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:16 Mar 2009 09:42
Last Modified:11 Aug 2009 17:03

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