Nano Archive

An Effective Amperometric Biosensor Based on Gold Nanoelectrode Arrays

Liu, Yanyan and Zhu, Yingchun and Zeng, Yi and Xu, Fangfang (2009) An Effective Amperometric Biosensor Based on Gold Nanoelectrode Arrays. Nanoscale Research Letters, 4 (3). pp. 210-215.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/9xl6805gh7n250...

Abstract

A sensitive amperometric biosensor based on gold nanoelectrode array (NEA) was investigated. The gold nanoelectrode array was fabricated by template-assisted electrodeposition on general electrodes, which shows an ordered well-defined 3D structure of nanowires. The sensitivity of the gold NEA to hydrogen peroxide is 37 times higher than that of the conventional electrode. The linear range of the platinum NEA toward H2O2 is from 1 × 10−6 to 1 × 10−2 M, covering four orders of magnitudes with detection limit of 1 × 10−7 M and a single noise ratio (S/N) of four. The enzyme electrode exhibits an excellent response performance to glucose with linear range from 1 × 10−5 to 1 × 10−2 M and a fast response time within 8 s. The Michaelis–Menten constant km and the maximum current density i max of the enzyme electrode were 4.97 mM and 84.60 μA cm−2, respectively. This special nanoelectrode may find potential application in other biosensors based on amperometric signals.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gold nanowires - Nanoelectrode arrays - Amperometric biosensor
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
ID Code:4185
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:05 Aug 2009 16:03
Last Modified:05 Aug 2009 16:03

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