Nano Archive

Effect of temperature on the catalytic oxidation of CO over nano-sized iron oxide

Khedr, Mohamed H. and Halim, K. S. Abdel and Nasr, M. I. and El-Mansy, A. M. (2006) Effect of temperature on the catalytic oxidation of CO over nano-sized iron oxide. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 430 (1-2). 40 - 45.

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Nanocrystallite iron oxide powders with different crystallite sizes were prepared by co-precipitation route. The prepared powders with crystallite size 75, 100 and 150 nm together with commercial iron oxide (250 nm) were tested for the catalytic oxidation of CO to CO2. The influence of different factors as crystallite size, catalytic temperature and weight of catalyst on the rate of catalytic reaction was investigated using advanced quadrupole mass gas analyzer system. It can be reported that the rate of conversion of CO to CO2 increased by increasing catalytic temperature and decreasing crystallite size of the prepared powders. The experimental results show that nanocrystallite iron oxide powders with crystallite size 75 nm can be recommended as a promising catalyst for CO oxidation at 500 °C where 98% of CO is converted to CO2. The mechanism of the catalytic oxidation reaction was investigated by comparing the CO catalytic oxidation data in the absence and presence of oxygen. The reaction which was found to be first order with respect to CO is probably proceeded by adsorption mechanism where the reactants are adsorbed on the surface of the catalyst with breaking OO bonds, then CO pick up the dissociated O atom forming CO2.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Kinetics and mechanism
Subjects:Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:4027
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:28 Jan 2009 09:43
Last Modified:25 Feb 2009 11:24

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