Nano Archive

Synthesis and characterization of calcium aluminate nanoceramics for new applications

Zawrah, M. F. and Khalil, N. M. (2007) Synthesis and characterization of calcium aluminate nanoceramics for new applications. Ceramics International, 33 (8). 1419 - 1425.

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Two types of nanocalcium aluminate powders containing 70 and 60 wt.% Al2O3 were prepared by thermal decomposition and investigated in terms of mineralogical composition, hydration, mechanical properties and microstructure. The results revealed that S1 is composed mainly of the CA and CA2 phases, while S2 composed of CA and C12A7 phases after heat-treatment at 1000 °C. The maximum crystallite sizes for S2 and S1 were 44 and 52 nm and the minimum ones 12 and 19, respectively. Both samples still have small crystallite size after heat-treatment at 1000 °C. The present phases, i.e. CA, CA2 and C12A7 affect the properties of hydrated and sintered ceramic bodies. S2 hydrated sample achieved higher strength (58.5 MPa) than S1 (52.4 MPa). The higher strength of S2 is ascribed to the presence of CA and C12A7 as a major component, since it reacts rapidly with water. In S1, the poor hydration of CA2 at the early stage of hydration lowers strength after 7 days hydration as compared with S2. Cold crushing strength (CCS) data of the sintered ceramics bodies exhibit high strength of both samples after firing at 1550 and 1450 °C for S1 and S2, respectively. This is due to the formation of a ceramic bond.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Properties
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in ICT
ID Code:4006
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:30 Mar 2009 11:07
Last Modified:30 Mar 2009 11:07

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