Nano Archive

Complex susceptibility analysis of magneto-fluids: Optical band gap and surface studies on the nanomagnetite-based particles

El-Diasty, Fouad and El-Sayed, H. M. and El-Hosiny, F. I. and Ismail, M. I. M. (2008) Complex susceptibility analysis of magneto-fluids: Optical band gap and surface studies on the nanomagnetite-based particles. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, In Press, Corrected Proof . - . (In Press)

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VS5...

Abstract

An aqueous stable magnetic fluid containing Fe3O4 nano-particles with a mean diameter of 4–7 nm, which is in the range of super-paramagnetism, is prepared. The particles are synthesized via co-precipitation method from ferrous and ferric solutions. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, transformer method are used to study the physical properties of the magnetic fluids and powders. A method is given to analyze and resolve the real and imaginary parts of the measured complex susceptibility of magnetic fluids. The band gap parameters of the magneto-nanopowders such as the direct-, indirect-band gap energies, Fermi energy and Urbach energy are determined. A comparative study between the different techniques used to calculate the powder particle size is presented. Adsorption of nitrogen gas is used to identify and determine the particles mean diameter and to study their microstructure, the magnetic properties and surface porosity. The study showed that the total pore system of the magnetic nano-powders consists mainly of mesopores.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Porosity
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Physical Science > Nanomagnetics
Physical Science > Photonics
ID Code:3989
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:31 Mar 2009 13:35
Last Modified:31 Mar 2009 13:35

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