Fahmy, Tamer Y. A. and Mobarak, Fardous (2009) Advanced Nano-based Manipulations of Molasses in the Cellulose and Paper Discipline: Introducing A Master Cheap Environmentally Safe Retention Aid & Strength Promoter in Papermaking. Carbohydrate Polymers, In Press, Accepted Manuscript . - . (In Press)
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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TFD...
This work introduces, for the first time worldwide, molasses – a byproduct of the sugar industry – as a master retention aid and strength promoter in papermaking. The paper nanocomposites produced in the present work – involving molasses, natural cellulose fibers, and kaolin – retained larger amounts of kaolin while exhibiting greater strength, as compared to their molasses-free counterparts. Recently, the authors have shown, for the first time, that the nanoadditive sucrose can overcome the ultimate fate of deterioration in strength of paper, due to addition of inorganic fillers such as kaolin. This deterioration was counteracted by incorporating the nanoporous structure of cellulose fibers with sucrose, which leads to incorporation beating of the fibers, and thus increases the strength of the produced paper nanocomposites. In addition, the nanoadditive sucrose was proven – for the first time – to act as retention aid for inorganic fillers such as kaolin. We called this phenomenon incorporation retention to differentiate it from the conventional types of retention of inorganic fillers. On the other hand, it is well established in the literature that using gums (including starch) as additives in papermaking enhances the strength of paper. Molasses contains both the nanoadditive (sucrose), and gums (including starch). Molasses is a byproduct of sugar industry, which is cheaper than sucrose; and a major part of sucrose lost in sugar industry resides in molasses. Moreover, molasses is an environmentally safe additive. Therefore, the nanoadditive (molasses) was chosen, in the present work, to be manipulated as a master strength promoting retention aid for inorganic fillers used in papermaking, such as kaolin.
|Subjects:||Material Science > Nanostructured materials|
|Deposited On:||08 Apr 2009 09:31|
|Last Modified:||08 Apr 2009 09:31|
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