Nano Archive

Ultrasensitive DNA sequence detection using nanoscale ZnO sensor arrays

Kumar, N and Dorfman, A and Hahm, J (2006) Ultrasensitive DNA sequence detection using nanoscale ZnO sensor arrays. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 17 (12). pp. 2875-2881.

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We report that engineered nanoscale zinc oxide structures can be effectively used for the identification of the biothreat agent, Bacillus anthracis by successfully discriminating its DNA sequence from other genetically related species. We explore both covalent and non-covalent linking schemes in order to couple probe DNA strands to the zinc oxide nanostructures. Hybridization reactions are performed with various concentrations of target DNA strands whose sequence is unique to Bacillus anthracis. The use of zinc oxide nanomaterials greatly enhances the fluorescence signal collected after carrying out duplex formation reaction. Specifically, the covalent strategy allows detection of the target species at sample concentrations at a level as low as a few femtomolar as compared to the detection sensitivity in the tens of nanomolar range when using the non-covalent scheme. The presence of the underlying zinc oxide nanomaterials is critical in achieving increased fluorescence detection of hybridized DNA and, therefore, accomplishing rapid and extremely sensitive identification of the biothreat agent. We also demonstrate the easy integration potential of nanoscale zinc oxide into high density arrays by using various types of zinc oxide sensor prototypes in the DNA sequence detection. When combined with conventional automatic sample handling apparatus and computerized fluorescence detection equipment, our approach can greatly promote the use of zinc oxide nanomaterials as signal enhancing platforms for rapid, multiplexed, high-throughput, highly sensitive, DNA sensor arrays.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
ID Code:3794
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:22 Jan 2009 11:25
Last Modified:22 Jan 2009 11:25

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