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Carbon nanotube/cobalt hexacyanoferrate nanoparticle-biopolymer system for the fabrication of biosensors

Yang, M. H. and Jiang, J. H. and Yang, Y. H. and Chen, X. H. and Shen, G. L. and Yu, R. Q. (2006) Carbon nanotube/cobalt hexacyanoferrate nanoparticle-biopolymer system for the fabrication of biosensors. BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS, 21 (9). pp. 1791-1797.

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Cobalt hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles (CoNP) can be easily prepared by mixing hexacyanoferrate and cobalt chloride solution at room temperature. The nanoparticles were solubilized in aqueous solution of a biopolymer chitosan (CHIT). With the introduction of carbon nanotubes (CNT), the CoNP-CNT-CHIT system formed shows synergy between CNT and CoNP with the significant improvement of redox activity of CoNP due to the excellent electron-transfer ability of CNT. The CoNP-CNT-CHIT film modified glassy carbon electrode allows low potential detection of hydrogen peroxide with high sensitivity and fast response time. In particular, with the introduction of CNT. it amplified the H2O2 sensitivity by similar to 70 times compared to film of CoNP-CHIT. With the immobilization of glucose oxidase onto the electrode surface using glutaric dialdehyde, a biosensor that responds sensitively to glucose has been constructed. In pH 6.98 phosphate buffer, interference free determination of glucose has been realized at -0.2 V versus saturated calomel electrode (SCE) with a linear range from 0.01 to 10 mM and response time < 10 s. The detection limit was 5 mu M glucose (S/N = 3). (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:biosensor; carbon nanotube; chitosan; cobalt hexacyanoferrate nanoparticles
Subjects:Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:3748
Deposited By:SPI
Deposited On:26 Jan 2009 12:26
Last Modified:19 Feb 2009 09:54

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