Nano Archive

Measurement of the thermal conductivity of individual carbon nanotubes by the four-point three-omega method

Choi, Tae-Youl and Poulikakos, Dimos and Tharian, Joy and Sennhauser, Urs (2006) Measurement of the thermal conductivity of individual carbon nanotubes by the four-point three-omega method. NANO LETTERS, 6 (8). pp. 1589-1593.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl060331v

Abstract

The thermal conductivity of individual multiwalled carbon nanotubes was measured by utilizing the four-point-probe third-harmonic method, based on the fact that the third harmonic amplitude and phase as a response to applied alternate current at fundamental frequency, omega, can be expressed in terms of thermal conductivity and diffusivity. To this end, a microfabricated device composed of four metal electrodes was modified to manufacture nanometer-sized wires by using a focused ion beam source. A carbon nanotube could then be suspended over a deep trench milled by the focused ion beam, preventing heat loss to the substrate. Compared with the two-point-probe technique, a significant improvement in accuracy is assured by using four probes, because the contact contribution to the determination of the thermal conductivity is eliminated, making it possible to measure the correct signals of first and third harmonics. The multiwalled carbon nanotube was modeled as a one-dimensional diffusive energy transporter and its thermal conductivity was measured at room temperature under vacuum to be 300 +/- 20 W/mK.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Physical Science > Nano objects
Analytical Science > Metrology and standards in nanotechnology
ID Code:3710
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:22 Jan 2009 13:33
Last Modified:29 Jan 2009 13:28

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