Kanel, Sushil Raj and Nepal, Dhriti and Manning, Bruce and Choi, Heechul (2007) Transport of surface-modified iron nanoparticle in porous media and application to arsenic(III) remediation. JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH, 9 (5). pp. 725-735. ISSN 1388-0764 (Print) 1572-896X (Online)
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The surface-modified iron nanoparticles (S-INP) were synthesized, characterized and tested for the remediation of arsenite (As(III)), a well known toxic groundwater contaminant of concern. The S-INP material was fully dispersed in the aqueous phase with a particle size distribution of 2-10 nm estimated from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed that an Fe(III) oxide surface film was present on S-INP in addition to the bulk zero-valent Fe-0 oxidation state. Transport of S-INP through porous media packed in 10 cm length column showed particle breakthroughs of 22.1, 47.4 and 60 pore volumes in glass beads, unbaked sand, and baked sand, respectively. Un-modified INP was immobile and aggregated on porous media surfaces in the column inlet area. Results using S-INP pretreated 10 cm sand-packed columns containing similar to 2 g of S-INP showed that 100% of As(III) was removed from influent solutions (flow rate 1.8 mL min(-1)) containing 0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 mg L-1 As(III) for 9, 7 and 4 days providing 23.3, 20.7 and 10.4 L of arsenic free water, respectively. In addition, it was found that 100% of As(III) in 0.5 mg/L solution (flow rate 1.8 mL min(-1)) was removed by S-INP pretreated 50 cm sand packed column containing 12 g of S-INP for more than 2.5 months providing 194.4 L of arsenic free water. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) showed S-INP had transformed to elongated, rod-like shaped corrosion product particles after reaction with As(III) in the presence of sand. These results suggest that S-INP has great potential to be used as a mobile, injectable reactive material for in-situ sandy groundwater aquifer treatment of As(III).
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||nanoparticles; surfactants; arsenic; in-situ treatment; environmental remediation|
|Subjects:||Technology > Nanotechnology and environmental applications|
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
|Deposited By:||Farnush Anwar|
|Deposited On:||16 Jan 2009 13:35|
|Last Modified:||16 Jan 2009 13:35|
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