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Effects of Changes in the Interparticle Separation Induced by Alkanethiols on the Surface Plasmon Band and Other Properties of Nanocrystalline Gold Films

Agrawal, Ved Varun and Varghese, Neenu and Kulkarni, G. U. and Rao, C. N. R. (2008) Effects of Changes in the Interparticle Separation Induced by Alkanethiols on the Surface Plasmon Band and Other Properties of Nanocrystalline Gold Films. Langmuir, 24 (6). pp. 2494-2500.

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Abstract

Effects of changing the interparticle separation on the surface plasmon bands of ultrathin films of gold nanoparticles have been investigated by examining the interaction of alkanethiols of varying chain length on nanocrystalline gold films generated at the organic−aqueous interface. Adsorption of alkanethiols causes blue-shifts of the surface plasmon adsorption band, the magnitude of the shift being proportional to the chain length. The disordered nanocrystals thus created (λmax, 530 m) are in equilibrium with the ordered nanocrystals in the film (λmax, 700 m) as indicated by an isosbestic point around 600 nm. Long chain thiols disintegrate or disorder the gold films more effectively, as demonstrated by the increased population of the thiol-capped gold nanocrystals in solution. The rate of interaction of the thiols with the film decreases with the decreasing chain length. The effect of an alkanethiol on the spectrum of the gold film is specific, in that the effects with long and short chains are reversible. The changes in the plasmon band of gold due to interparticle separation can be satisfactorily modeled on the basis of the Maxwell−Garnett formalism. Spectroscopic studies, augmented by calorimetric measurements, suggest that the interaction of alkanethiols involves two steps, the first step being the exothermic gold film−thiol interaction and the second step includes the endothermic disordering process followed by further thiol capping of isolated gold particles.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
Physical Science > Photonics
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:2782
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:20 Jan 2009 11:20
Last Modified:02 Mar 2009 14:06

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