Nano Archive

Glucose biosensor based on electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticles onto carbon nanotubes and immobilizing enzyme with chitosan-SiO2 sol-gel

Zou, Yongjin and Xiang, Cuili and Sun, Li-Xian and Xu, Fen (2008) Glucose biosensor based on electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticles onto carbon nanotubes and immobilizing enzyme with chitosan-SiO2 sol-gel. BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS, 23 (7). pp. 1010-1016.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Abstract

A novel amperometric biosensor, based on electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticles onto multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNTs) and immobilizing enzyme with chitosan-SiO2 Sol-gel, is presented in this article. MWNTs were cast on the glass carbon (GC) substrate directly. An extra Nafion coating was used to eliminate common interferents such as acetaminophen and ascorbic acids. The morphologies and electrochemical performance of the modified electrodes have been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and amperometrie methods, respectively. The synergistic action of Pt and MWNTs and the biocompatibility of chitosan-SiO2 sol-gel made the biosensor have excellent electrocatalytic activity and high stability. The resulting biosensor exhibits good response performance to glucose with a wide linear range from 1 mu M to 23 mM and a low detection limit 1 mu M. The biosensor also shows a short response time (within 5 s), and a high sensitivity (58.9 mu Am M-1 cm(-2)). In addition, effects of pH value, applied potential, rotating rate, electrode construction and electroactive interferents on the amperometric response of the sensor were investigated and discussed in detail. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pt nanoparticles; chitosan-SiO2 sol-gel; glucose biosensor; multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanoscale biological processes
Analytical Science > Nanotechnology for sensing and actuating
ID Code:262
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:26 Nov 2008 14:06
Last Modified:09 Feb 2009 15:31

Repository Staff Only: item control page