Nano Archive

High quality dispersions of functionalized single walled nanotubes at high concentration

Amiran, Johnny and Nicolosi, Valeria and Bergin, Shane D. and Khan, Umar and Lyons, Philip E. and Coleman, Jonathan N. (2008) High quality dispersions of functionalized single walled nanotubes at high concentration. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 112 (10). pp. 3519-3524.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp077551x

Abstract

Single walled nanotubes are difficult to disperse in solvents, with dispersion quality limited by nanotube bundling at high concentration. We quantitatively study dispersions of singlewall nanotubes, functionalized with the bulky molecules PABS, PEG, and ODA, in common solvents. TGA measurements coupled with AFM analysis of deposited nanotubes shows almost complete coverage of the functionalities along the nanotube body. The best solvents are characterized by Hildebrand solubility parameters that are close to those of the functional groups. At low concentration, the dispersions contain predominately individual functionalized SWNTs as evidenced by root-mean-square bundle diameters of similar to 3-4 nm. This can be compared with the measured diameter of individual functionalized nanotubes of similar to 3 nm. These nanotubes display very weak concentration dependent aggregation when dispersed in common solvents. Root-mean-square bundle diameters of only similar to 5-6 nm were observed at concentrations as high as 1 mg/mL. This translates into > 100 bundles per cubic micron of solvent, much higher than observed in other systems. These results have practical implications for the production of well dispersed polymer-nanotube composites that would be expected to display high interfacial stress transfer.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Material Science > Soft materials
ID Code:259
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:26 Nov 2008 14:50
Last Modified:09 Feb 2009 15:21

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