Nano Archive

Assessment of chemically separated carbon nanotubes for nanoelectronics

Zhang, Li and Zaric, Sasa and Tu, Xiaomin and Wang, Xinran and Zhao, Wei and Dai, Hongjie (2008) Assessment of chemically separated carbon nanotubes for nanoelectronics. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 130 (8). pp. 2686-2691.

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It remains an elusive goal to obtain high performance single-walled carbon-nanotube (SWNT) electronics such as field effect transistors (FETs) composed of single- or few-chirality SWNTs, due to broad distributions in as-grown materials. Much progress has been made by various separation approaches to obtain materials enriched in metal or semiconducting nanotubes or even in single chiralties. However, research in validating SWNT separations by electrical transport measurements and building functional electronic devices has been scarce. Here, we performed length, diameter, and chirality separation of DNA functionalized HiPco SWNTs by chromatography methods, and we characterized the chiralities by photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy, optical absorption spectroscopy, and electrical transport measurements. The use of these combined methods provided deeper insight to the degree of separation than either technique alone. Separation of SWNTs by chirality and diameter occurred at varying degrees that decreased with increasing tube diameter. This calls for new separation methods capable of metallicity or chirality separation of large diameter SWNTs (in the similar to 1.5 nm range) needed for high performance nanoelectronics. With most of the separated fractions enriched in semiconducting SWNTs, nanotubes placed in parallel in short-channel (similar to 200 nm) electrical devices fail to produce FETs with high on/off switching, indicating incomplete elimination of metallic species. In rare cases with a certain separated SWNT fraction, we were able to fabricate FET devices composed of small-diameter, chemically separated SWNTs in parallel, with high on-/off-current (I-on/I-off) ratios up to 10(5) owing to semiconducting SWNTs with only a few (n,m) chiralities in the fraction. This was the first time that chemically separated SWNTs were used for short channel, all-semiconducting SWNT electronics dominant by just a few (n,m)'s. Nevertheless, the results suggest that much improved chemical separation methods are needed to produce nanotube electronics at a large scale.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Analytical Science > Metrology and standards in nanotechnology
ID Code:249
Deposited By:Lesley Tobin
Deposited On:04 Dec 2008 16:23
Last Modified:09 Feb 2009 17:24

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