Nano Archive

Thermal, electrical and magnetic studies of magnetite filled polyurethane shape memory polymers

Razzaq, Muhammad Yasar and Anhalt, Mathias and Frormann, Lars and Weidenfeller, Bernd (2007) Thermal, electrical and magnetic studies of magnetite filled polyurethane shape memory polymers. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 444 (1-2). pp. 227-235.

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Thermal. electrical and magnetic properties of polyurethane shape memory polymer (SMP) samples filled with 0-40vol% magnetite particles prepared by mixing and injection molding were investigated. Shape recovery in the shape memory polymer was initiated by a magnetizing field of H = 4.4 kA/m at a frequency f = 50 Hz. Electric resistivity was decreased by magnetite particles from P-el approximate to 10(10) Omega m to P-el approximate to 10(6) Omega m. The percolation threshold is achieved at a magnetite concentration of approximately 30 vol%. Thermal conductivity increases from 0.19 W/m K to 0.60 W/m K with magnetite fraction in the polymer. Thermal conductivity values are compared with several theoretical and semi empirical models. The Agari-Uno model shows a very good correlation to measured values. Changes in specific heat capacity with temperature were also measured and could be correlated with the morphology of the polymer. With a hysteresis recorder the power losses in magnetization reversal of the filled SMP were estimated. Using measured specific heat capacity and power losses the time for an increase of sample temperature from room temperature up to shape recovery temperature was calculated to be t approximate to 4 min. Time dependent photographic pictures of the shape recovery process showed a good accordance between the calculated and observed time for the shape recovery. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:shape memory polymer; magnetite; thermal properties; electrical properties; magnetization reversal
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Physical Science > Nanophysics
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:2470
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:07 Jan 2009 12:40
Last Modified:09 Jan 2009 11:44

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