Nano Archive

Effect of spatial confinement on the glass-transition temperature of patterned polymer nanostructures

Mundra, Manish K. and Donthu, Suresh K. and Dravid, Vinayak P. and Torkelson, John M. (2007) Effect of spatial confinement on the glass-transition temperature of patterned polymer nanostructures. NANO LETTERS, 7 (3). pp. 713-718.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl062894c

Abstract

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanostructures embedded with a fluorescence tag are fabricated using electron beam lithography on oxidized silicon substrates. The glass transition temperatures (T(g)s) of these one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures (parallel lines) are measured by monitoring their temperature-dependent fluorescence intensities, revealing substantial differences between the T(g)s of the nanostructures and the thin films from which they were fabricated. For example, the T-g of 50-nm-wide PMMA nanolines on silica is similar to 15 K lower than that of a PMMA film on silica of the same 18 nm thickness. Attractive PMMA-silica interfacial interactions increase the T-g, while free surfaces decrease the T-g of PMMA in ultrathin films relative to bulk PMMA. Thus, the significant differences between the T(g)s of the 1-D and two-dimensional (2-D) forms of PMMA on silica are the result of a substantial increase in the ratio of free-surface area to interfacial area in the PMMA nanolines relative to ultrathin films.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
ID Code:2464
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:07 Jan 2009 12:57
Last Modified:22 Jan 2009 11:24

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