Blackburn, Jeffrey L. and McDonald, Timothy J. and Metzger, Wyatt K. and Engtrakul, Chaiwat and Rumbles, Garry and Heben, Michael J. (2008) Protonation effects on the branching ratio in photoexcited single-walled carbon nanotube dispersions. NANO LETTERS, 8 (4). pp. 1047-1054.
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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl072809g
The ensemble PL quantum yield for raw single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) dispersed in sodium cholate (SC) is similar to 5 times greater than that for the same raw SWNTs dispersed in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and similar to 10 times greater than the quantum yield of purified SWNTs dispersed in SC. Absorbance and Raman spectra indicate that purified SC-dispersed SWNTs and raw SDS-dispersed SWNTs are hole-doped by protonation. Experiments comparing PL emission efficiency using E-2 and E-1 excitation show that protonation significantly affects the E-2 -> E-1 relaxation process, which has typically been assumed to occur with unit efficiency. The E-2 -> E-1 relaxation is 5 times more efficient in producing El PL when SWNTs are unprotonated and protected by the SC surfactant. The results provide clear evidence that extrinsic factors, such as residual acids and the specific nature of SWNT-surfactant and SWNT-solvent interactions, can significantly affect measured SWNT luminescence quantum yields.
|Subjects:||Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials|
Physical Science > Nano objects
|Deposited By:||Farnush Anwar|
|Deposited On:||07 Jan 2009 13:33|
|Last Modified:||25 Feb 2009 11:33|
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